Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is a Mosque located in the center of Banda Aceh city, Aceh Province, Indonesia. The Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is a symbol of religion, culture, spirit, strength, struggle, and nationalism of the Acehnese people. The mosque is a landmark of Banda Aceh and has survived the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.
The mosque was originally designed by the Dutch architect Gerrit Bruins. The design was subsequently adopted by L.P. Luijks, who also supervised the construction work done by contractor Lie A Sie. The design chosen is the Mughal revival style, characterized by grand domes and minarets. The unique black domes are constructed from hardwood shingles combined as tiles.
The interior is decorated with relieved wall and pillars, marble staircase and floor from China, stained-glass windows from Belgium, well-decorated wooden doors, and ornate bronze chandeliers. The building stones are from the Netherlands. At the time of its completion, this new design presented a stark contrast compared with the original mosque that many Acehnese refused to pray in the mosque, because it was built by the Dutch “infidels”. Today however, the mosque has become the pride of Banda Aceh.
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